What Do Private Security Contractors Do?
Jul 10, · The private security contractor protects the interests, the private companies, that contract with the government during military operations in foreign lands. Private security contractors only work with legitimate contractors that work with governments that follow legalized or sanctioned military operations. Apr 26, · A private security contractor will perform a series of functions that include building a fully secure infrastructure for a company, along with providing weaponry and technological tools to protect a certain facility, individual, or asset. Their operations will differ depending on what they have to protect. Some private companies will often hire.
Sometimes referred to as rent-a-cops, private security contractors ensure the safety of people and places. Individuals and organizations hire private security contractors to serve as a proactive layer of protection. The ability to focus and see the big picture are critical traits of an effective private security contractor.
Experience in the military or post-secondary law enforcement education is a plus, but most states require private security contractors to undergo a specific licensing process.
The job duties of a private security contractor are wide and varied. Sometimes hired by the military to assist with its operations overseas, a private security officer may assist with base security or accompanying officials into hostile territory.
Some private security contractors serve as protection for civilians. Referred to as Close Protection CPa private security contractor plans escape routes, scours exits and surveys blind spots in advance of wyat an individual who needs protection. Oklahoma what a beautiful morning main job duty of this position is to look for things that are out of the ordinary and take proactive measures to maintain a safe environment.
Common work locations for private security officers include shopping malls, banks and casinos. Watching surveillance cameras, escorting people who are transporting money or other valuables, and patrolling parking lots are some duties of this position.
After graduating from high school, you can become a private security contractor with minimal training. Most states require a background check and a private security contractor license. Licensure varies by state. For example, in Illinois, you will need 20 hours of classroom training and an additional eight hours of practical training, usually provided by the employer.
Most states also require an annual refresher course. If weapons are required for the job, you will need a permit to carry. Taking post-secondary courses in law enforcement can bolster your credentials and give you the edge when seeking higher paying positions.
Similarly, military experience provides an experiential foundation for work as a private security contractor. Pay varies, based upon the job type. Experience what a drag dude commercial the military or law enforcement will bolster your credibility as a private security secuurity.
If you want to work in higher cojtractor jobs or lead a private agency, how to help a sore back experience, along with references, will add to your profile as a private security contractor. An average growth in private security contractor positions is expected between now and You can expect sfcurity 6 percent growth in available positions.
Gaining expertise in video surveillance will add to your prospects of obtaining a job in this field. She is the author and co-author of 12 books focusing on customer service, diversity and team building. She serves as a consultant for whst, industry and educational organizations. Work Careers Computer Services Jobs. By Dr. Kelly S. Meier Updated June 29, Related Articles.
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A private security contractor works for a company that contracts with the federal government, the military, or another private company to provide security operations and protection to civilians or other military personnel in a conflict zone. Jun 25, · Private security contractors are more correctly referred to as private military security contractors (PMSCs). They might also be known as private military operators. Essentially, they’re highly skilled individuals who’re employed in their thousands to carry out specific roles in war zones and combat situations. Sometimes referred to as rent-a-cops, private security contractors ensure the safety of people and places. Individuals and organizations hire private security contractors to serve as a proactive.
A private military company PMC is a private company providing armed combat or security services for financial gain. PMCs refer to their staff as " security contractors " or " private military contractors ". Private military companies refer to their business generally as the " private military industry " or " The Circuit ". The services and expertise offered by PMCs are typically similar to those of governmental security, military or police forces, most often on a smaller scale.
While PMCs often provide services to train or supplement official armed forces in service of governments, they can also be employed by private companies to provide bodyguards for key staff or protection of company premises, especially in hostile territories.
However, contractors who use offensive force in a war zone could be considered unlawful combatants , in reference to a concept outlined in the Geneva Conventions and explicitly specified by the American Military Commissions Act. The services of private contractors are used around the world. He also points out that these contractors have a number of duties depending on whom they are hired by. In developing countries that have natural resources, such as oil refineries in Iraq, they are hired to guard the area.
They are also hired to guard companies that contract services and reconstruction efforts such as General Electric. Apart from securing companies, they secure officials and government affiliates. Private military companies carry out many missions and jobs. Some examples include close protection for the Afghan president Hamid Karzai and piloting reconnaissance airplanes and helicopters as a part of Plan Colombia.
The company's first assignment was to go to Yemen to report on the state of the royalist forces when a cease-fire was declared. At the same time Stirling was cultivating his contacts in the Iranian government and exploring the chances of obtaining work in Africa.
The company eventually operated in Zambia and in Sierra Leone , providing training teams and advising on security matters. Stirling also organised deals to sell weapons and military personnel to other countries for various privatised foreign policy operations. Contracts were mainly with the Gulf States and involved weapons supply and training. The company was also linked with a failed attempt to overthrow Colonel Muammar Gaddafi from power in Libya in Woodhouse resigned as Director of Operations after a series of disagreements and Stirling himself ceased to take an active part in Dramatic growth in the number and size of PMCs occurred at the end of the Cold War , as Western governments increasingly began to rely on their services to bolster falling conventional military budgets.
The exodus of over 6 million military personnel from Western militaries in the s expanded the recruiting pool for PMCs. Some commentators have argued that there was an exodus from many special operations forces across the globe towards these private military corporations. However, it was three years later before it was first used.
Some contractors have served in advisory roles, that help train local militaries to fight more effectively, instead of intervening directly. Much of the peacekeeper training Western governments have provided to African militaries was done by private firms, [ citation needed ] and with the increasing absence of Western military support to international peace operations, the private sector was commonly utilized to provide services to peace and stability operations from Haiti to Darfur.
Domestic operations are generally under the auspice of state or federal agencies such as the Department of Energy or the Department of Homeland Security rather than the Department of Defense. Driven by increasingly greater fears of domestic terror attacks and civil unrest and disruption in the wake of disasters, more conventional security companies are moving into operations arenas that would fall within the definition of a PMC.
The United States State Department also employs several companies to provide support in danger zones that would be difficult for conventional U. The October USS Cole bombing proved a pivotal moment for private military companies at sea, and directly led to the first contract between Blackwater and the US Military  . In December , there were estimated to be at least , contractors working directly for the United States Department of Defense in Iraq which was a tenfold increase in the use of private contractors for military operations since the Persian Gulf War , just over a decade earlier.
In Iraq, the issue of accountability , especially in the case of contractors carrying weapons, was a sensitive one. Iraqi laws do not hold over contractors.
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld justified the use of PMCs in Iraq on the basis that they were cost effective and useful on the ground. He also affirmed that they were not subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Two days before he left Iraq, L.
In , the Uniform Code of Military Justice was amended to allow for prosecution of military contractors who are deployed in a " declared war or a contingency operation. PMCs supplied support to U. They supplied armed guards at a U.
Army base in Qatar , and they used live ammunition to train soldiers at Camp Doha in Kuwait. They maintained an array of weapons systems vital to the invasion of Iraq. They also provided bodyguards for VIPs, guard installations, and escort supply convoys from Kuwait. All these resources were called upon constantly. Another area that saw a large involvement of Private Military Companies over the past decades was Somalia and the seas surrounding it. While having less publicity and scrutiny compared to PMC involvement in Iraq, in the Western media, the role of the PMCs in this area should not be underestimated.
At the seas the PMCs are hired to deter pirates from attacking vessels and taking the shipping crew and their transport hostage. While, a large variety of international naval missions with the same goals such as EU's Atalanta , NATO's Ocean Shield , and one by CTF are and were active in this region, it is still necessary for the shipping companies to have security personnel on-deck.
This is a service that could almost solely be provided by PMCs. While these PMCs seem to be successful in providing this de-centralized form of security, it also has a large downside since, inherent to its de-centralized nature, it is very hard for the UN or other international organizations to provide effective oversight over what happens at the seas.
Whereas, the UN showed that between and there were over 50 encounters between the national sovereign Navies, that participated in the missions, resulting in over detained pirates, only one PMC published information over this period. By the end of , the number of contractors who had died in Iraq, Afghanistan and Kuwait had reached 3, Scholars have studied whether contractor deaths have an effect on the public's "casualty sensitivity" when substituted for military fatalities.
In October , the United Nations released a two-year study that reported, that although hired as "security guards", private contractors performed military duties. Many countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, are not signatories to the United Nations Mercenary Convention banning the use of mercenaries.
However, a spokesman for the American mission to the U. She claims contracted combatants carry the legitimacy of the state that hires these firms. The Central African based park-ranger organization African Wildlife Defence Force is contracting former servicemen and law enforcement personnel to protect national parks and private game ranches in Africa.
Candidates must undergo additional retraining to become a park ranger. The use of private security contractors by NGOs in dangerous regions is a highly sensitive subject. Quite often the contractors hired are local companies and mostly are unarmed personnel guarding facilities, only very rarely are international contractors or mobile armed security personnel used. However, there are a great many voices against their use who cite the following problems: .
The result is that many NGOs are not open about their use of PSPs and researchers' at the Overseas Development Institute studies have found that sometimes statements at NGOs central headquarters contradict those given by local staff.
While some nations rely heavily on the input of governments such as the US, other countries do not trust the US, so they tend to look for private contractors who will have a fiduciary obligation them. According to Joel Vargas, Director of Operations for Contingent Security Services, Ltd and Assistant Director for InterPort Police, it will be impossible to build democracies without having the assistance from the private sector performing activities for clients.
After the withdrawal of U. State Department is reportedly planning to more than double the number of its private security guards, up to as many as 7, Defending five fortified compounds across the country, the security contractors would operate radars to warn of enemy rocket attacks, search for roadside bombs, fly reconnaissance drones and even staff quick reaction forces to aid civilians in distress.
Its helicopter fleet, which will be piloted by contractors, will grow from 17 to State Department and The Pentagon has also outsourced the expanded military training in Africa to three companies: Military Professional Resources Inc.
Demands for specific PSC services have grown to record levels in recent decades, and private firm's capabilities now include an array of services that are vital to the success of on-the-ground war fighting as well as other more traditional stability operations and contingency contracting.
While past calls for corporate responsibility have heralded successes such as the Kimberley Process and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative in widespread international operations, there has also been a move within the PSC and contingency contracting industries to call for accountability and to implement a code of ethics for the retention of services and operations of such service providers. Existing credible accountability initiatives form a skeleton for governing the conduct of contractors, but much remains to be fleshed out to form a coherent and standardized framework from which to oversee such organizations and activities.
Over the last decade there have been a number of initiatives to regulate the private security industry. Founded in , ASIS is a society of individual security professionals dedicated to increasing the effectiveness and productivity of security professionals by developing educational programs and materials. With funding from the U. Department of Defense, the ASIS Commission on Standards is currently promulgating four sets of standards for private security companies.
The development of this Standard was facilitated by the U. Department of Defense through a consensus-based process. The DOD was required by Congress through Section of the National Defense Authorization Act of to begin using business and operational standards in contracting and management of PSCs, with the intent of raising the overall standard of performance of these companies. This Standard fulfills that mandate.
It has also been recognized by the American National Standards Institute and are achieving international recognition. It provides requirements for bodies providing auditing and third party certification of Private Security Company Operations — private security providers working for any client. It provides requirements and guidance on the management of audit programs, conduct of internal or external audits of the management system and PSC operations, as well as on competence and evaluation of auditors.
It will provide a basis for managing risk while reducing costs, demonstrating legal compliance, enhancing stakeholder relations, and meeting client expectations. The model standard outlines six phases ranging from no process in place for quality assurance management, to going beyond the requirements of the standard. It establishes guidance on quality assurance in all security related activities and functions while demonstrating accountability to law and respect for human rights.
The document details international legal obligations and lists specific recommendations related to PSC services procurement practices and operational oversight, and clarifies the obligations of States pertaining to the hiring of such entities during armed conflicts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Circuit Magazine. Archived from the original on May 6, Retrieved May 6, October 15,