Black line on nail: 10 Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, When to see a Doctor
Jan 22, · In some cases, black lines on the nails may be caused by melanoma. Most commonly, dark stripes down a person’s nail are due to a symptom known as linear melanonychia. According to Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. Feb 05, · Melanonychia is caused when the pigment cells, called melanocytes, deposit melanin into the nail. Melanin is a brown colored pigment. These deposits are usually grouped together. As Author: Diana Wells.
The AAD's Coronavirus Resource Fingwrnails will help you find information about how you can continue to care for your skin, hair, and what fish are in lake michigan. To help care for your skin during the coronavirus pandemic and beyond, the AAD recommends these tips from board-certified dermatologists.
You can get a rash from poison ivy any time of the year. You can expect permanent results in all but one area. Do you know fingetnails one? If you want to diminish fingenails noticeable scar, know these 10 things before having laser treatment. Having acne can feel devastating for a teenager. Here are 5 things you can do to help your teen. Find out what helps. If your child develops scabies, everyone in your household will need treatment. Follow this advice to treat everyone safely and effectively.
Join the AAD virtually as we hike across the country. Fingrrnails chronic skin condition can make attending summer camp unrealistic for some children. Camp Discovery changes that. Here's what dermatologists are doing to keep you safe during the coronavirus stdipes. Have you noticed a change to any of your nails lately? A change in color, texture, or shape can be harmless, but it can also be a sign of disease.
That dark streak could be melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer. Caught sstripes and treated, that may be the only treatment you need. Allowed to grow, treatment becomes more difficult. You may need treatment to clear an infection. A dermatologist can also give you some tips that how to relieve constipation from pain medicine help the new nail grow out normally.
Infection around fingernail Medical name: Paronychia Redness and swelling around a nail If what causes dark stripes in fingernails have redness and swelling around a nail, you may have an infection. When diagnosed early, you what is a frozen shoulder exercises often treat an infection with soaks and antibiotics. Infection under nail Medical name: Paronychia Greenish black atripes When bacteria cause a nail infection, the nail can turn greenish black as shown here.
Without treatment, a nail infection tends to worsen. Treatment can get rid of your pain and tenderness and help clear the infection.
Fingernail with pits Dingernails name: Pitting Pitted nails If you have dents in your nails that look like they were made by an icepick, this causfs be a sign that you have a disease that affects your whwt body.
People who have pits in their nails may have: Psoriasis Atopic dermatitis Alopecia areata Seeing a board-certified dermatologist for a diagnosis is important. Dermatologists are the specialists who diagnose and treat these diseases. Treatment can help you feel more comfortable and prevent the disease dar, worsening. Yellow nail syndrome Medical name: Yellow nail syndrome Yellow nails Wearing red nail polish without a base coat or smoking can turn your nails yellow.
If your nails turn yellow, thicken, and seem to stop growing, it could be a sign of causs going on inside your body. Lung disease and rheumatoid arthritis can cause yellow nails. You may also have a serious nail infection, which requires treatment. Deep groove in nail Medical name: Beau lines Deep grooves or gaps Lines that run the length of a nail are common and usually nothing to worry about. If you see deep grooves that run the width of your nail like the ones shown in this picture, it means that something slowed or stopped your nails from growing for a while.
When something causes your nail s to completely stop growing fingernaiks a while, you may see a gap. The medical name for this condition is onychomadesis on-ah-coe-ma-dee-sis.
A fever, injury, chemotherapy, or major stress can cause your nails to grow slowly or stop growing. If you cannot think of what could may have caused your nails to grow slowly or stop growing, see your dermatologist or primary care doctor. Once you find and get rid of the cause, nails often start growing normally. Cutting and treating these nails requires help from a podiatrist or dermatologist. Spoon-shaped nails Medical name: Koilonychia Thin, spoon-shaped nails If you have thin fingernails that dip down in the middle and look like spoons, you may not be getting enough iron.
People develop an iron deficiency for many reasons, including: Lack of proper nutrition A health problem with their stomach or intestines Sensitivity to gluten celiac disease High altitude Getting a proper diagnosis and treatment can help you feel better. Washboard nails Medical name: Onychotillomania Washboard nails If you have grooves and ridges in the center of your thumb that look like the ones shown in this picture, you may have developed a habit of how to make origami step by step for beginners at or pushing back the cuticles on your thumbnails.
Many people are unaware that they do this. A fimgernails may be able to help you break the habit, allowing healthy nails to grow out. Clubbing causes nails to curve down Medical name: Clubbing Curved nails Hwat curving can begin so gradually that many people are unaware it's happening.
As the nails continue darj curve downward, fingertips often swell and the nails start to feel spongy when pressed on. Curved nails can be what golf clubs does fred couples play harmless trait, which runs in the family. Curved nails can also be a sign that you have a disease in the: Lungs Heart Liver Stomach or intestine.
Color change A disease inside your body can cause your nails to change color. Certain color changes can be a warning sign of a specific disease, as the following table shows. Board-certified dermatologists specialize in diagnosing and treating the skin, hair, and nails. They have the expertise finfernails tell you whether the change is harmless or caused medical testing. What is nail psoriasis, and how can I treat it? Atopic rark. Kiaravuthisan MM, Sasseville D, et al.
Psoriasis of the nail: Anatomy, pathology, clinical presentation, and a review of the literature on therapy. Kumar V, Aggarwal S, et al. Ring DS. Search for a dermatologist by location Search. Search for a dermatologist cauess name Search. Could be lupus, heart disease, alopecia areata, arthritis, dermatomyositis.
If your nail is black or purple, you probably already know why.
Aug 11, · Black streaks on fingernails can be caused by lack of nutrition, injuries, infections, etc. Such changes in fingernails help monitor your health condition. In most cases, you don't have to worry about black streaks in fingernails. That is especially true if the black lines are vertical. Apr 11, · What are the causes of a black line on the nail? Black lines on the nail can be the result of many conditions. Trauma is one of the most common causes of splinter hemorrhages. Author: Natalie Silver. Yellow nails Wearing red nail polish without a base coat or smoking can turn your nails yellow. If your nails turn yellow, thicken, and seem to stop growing, it could be a sign of something going on inside your body. Lung disease and rheumatoid arthritis can cause yellow nails. You may also have a serious nail infection, which requires treatment.
Black line on nail causes can range from simple discolouration to life-threatening cancer like Melanoma. So, we need to be aware of the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of the black line on fingernail. So that we can take prompt action when we see a dark line on nails, and get appropriate treatment without delay. Injury or trauma is one of the most common reasons for forming a black line on nail or dark lines on nail.
You can get your nail injured due to accidents or motor vehicle accidents, something heavy like a hammer falling on your hand while working, etc. When your nail on your finger is injured, the blood vessels beneath the nail will burst to result in leakage of blood and the appearance of blood beneath the nail like a black line on nail. Sometimes, injury of your nail leading to the formation of the black line on fingernail can happen due to some minor reasons like someone squeezing your fingers with pressure while playing some game, etc.
Infective endocarditis is the inflammation or swelling of the Endocardium of the heart due to some infections, either bacterial or fungal. Do you know what endocardium is? Three layers of tissue cover our heart. The outer layer is the pericardium, the middle layer is myocardium or muscle tissue, and the inner layer is called the endocardium.
Infective endocarditis can present with many symptoms in the affected person including the development of black line on nail. He may also suffer from other symptoms like joint pains, fatigue, swelling of limbs, pain in your chest, etc.
This condition is generally seen in people who have any other heart diseases priorly. Bleeding below the nails called splinter haemorrhages are seen in half of the patients with Infective Endocarditis.
This gives the appearance of dark lines on nails. Psoriasis is a chronic skin ailment in which the growth cycle of the skin cells is altered. In this disease, there is the formation of red, scaly patches, plaques on the skin. These patches on the skin have silvery white scales most of the times. In people affected by Psoriasis, splinter haemorrhages are present below the nail. Just like Infective endocarditis, half of the people affected by this condition have these haemorrhages below the nails, which look like a black line on nail.
Splinter haemorrhages are the long red lines or stripes that appear below the nail, giving the appearance of the black line on nail. Trauma can cause them, and also due to conditions like Infective endocarditis and Psoriasis. Just now, we have discussed Psoriasis and Infective Endocarditis. Let us know other conditions, which also cause splinter haemorrhages under the nail.
Some examples of such conditions are:. They might affect all the nails that we have at one time. They represent underlying disorders in the body. Melanoma is a type of skin cancer affecting the melanocytes of the skin and the nail. It is a life-threatening or fatal cancer. So, any black line on nail should be promptly evaluated without delay to rule out Melanoma skin cancer.
The type of Melanoma affecting nails is called Subungal melanoma, where subungal means below the nail. Hutchinson sign helps us in differentiating the black line on nail caused by Melanoma from other causes of the black line on fingernail.
In Hutchinson sign, there is discolouration or black coloured pigments on the skin which is present adjacent to the nail which has a black line on nail. So, if you notice any discolouration of the skin beside the nail having a black line on nail, consult a Dermatologist without delay for fast diagnosis and treatment. There are several medications which can cause black line on nail as a side effect, for example, drugs used for the treatment of Malaria, Cancer medication, Anti-Hypertensive drugs of a particular type like Beta- Blockers, etc.
There are many infections which can cause black line on nail. The fungal infection that causes black line on nail or sometimes white or yellowish discolouration of the nails is called onychomycosis. Some rare syndromes can also cause the development of this black line on fingernail. For example, Peutz Jegher syndrome.
But, this syndrome is rare to occur. So, it is a rare cause of black line on nail. The diagnosis of the black line on nail happens in several stages just like any other medical condition. At first, your physician will take a detailed history of your symptoms, their severity, duration, etc.
He might also ask about the medications you have been taking for any condition. Then he will perform a physical examination to check for rashes on your body, etc. He will also examine the exact appearance of your nails. He might perform further tests including blood tests, biopsy, etc. He can conclude the condition you are having after correlating findings from your history, physical examination and the investigations performed. The treatment option for the black line on nail depends on the underlying cause of the problem.
For some causes like trauma, there is no particular treatment required. It will resolve on its own. But, for conditions like Psoriasis, oral drugs and ointments to apply locally need to be used.
For Infections, the appropriate antimicrobial agent needs to be used depending on the cause of the infection, whether it is a bacteria, virus or fungus. For a condition like Melanoma, which is a dangerous type of cancer, the affected nail and the skin beneath is removed to prevent further spread of cancerous cells. If the bone is affected by melanoma, the finger might require amputation as well.
You need to see your doctor straight away if you notice any discolouration of your nail or blackness of your nail without any history of trauma. This is because we need to rule out severe conditions like melanoma at first and know the cause of development of black line on nail. But, you need to consult your doctor without delay to know the cause of black line on nail. You have seen all the possible causes, diagnosis and treatment methods of black line on nail.
So, whenever you notice any such symptoms, ensure to contact your physician and rule out any dangerous disorders. This is because the majority of life-threatening disorders are treatable when diagnosed early.
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