Sterilizing Medical Equipment: The Top Three Techniques
Apr 29, · The autoclave applies intense pressure and heat to destroy all microorganisms on an object. With steam sterilization, an appropriate decontaminant is used to clean the outside surfaces of the medical equipment. You can prevent damage by using either paper or cotton to wrap the instruments before the process starts. Feb 03, · Home Sterilization of Medical Instruments for First Aid KitThis is a How to video of the way "I" Sterilize my first aid stuff at homeusing a pressure canner.
Such a design of the processing area helps separate sections where contaminated items are processed and packaged from areas the clean items are sterilized and moved for storage. There should be a sink for hand-washing where the instrument processing work-space is placed. Proper ventilation is also of the essence as the room temperature needs to be comfortable and vapors and odors from waste and chemicals need to be eliminated. Avoid the use of portable fans as these can quickly recirculate microbes from various surfaces such as floors.
With all these steps taken, the workflow should be smooth and should encompass all the important aspects of sterilization that are essential to the welfare of patients, staff, and physicians. Transportation of Instruments to the Sterilization Area At this stage, all contaminated instruments are transported to the sterilization center to minimize the risk of exposure of patients and staff to contaminants.
Typically, after the instruments have been used in the procedure room, they are packed in a rigid, leak-proof container and transported by a member of staff that is dressed in protective equipment. Sorting of Instruments and Waste Disposal It is during this step that disposable items are separated from those that need to be sterilized for reuse.
Different types of sterilization may be required for various instruments; for instance, stainless steel instruments cannot be put together with carbon steel instruments. Some instruments may need soaking in a holding solution before actual sterilization. Any extra waste will need to be disposed according to the EPA requirementsin a bio-hazard waste receptacle. Rinsing and Ultrasonic Cleaning Before sterilization, personnel should make use of machines such as an ultrasonic cleaner before sterilization.
By using this hands-free approach, the staff can be protected from injury and, the ultrasonic cleaning is more efficient at accessing crevices, effective and safe for personnel. It is crucial that the staff ensures that the bio-burden is washed off and instruments are properly rinsed before being placed in the instrument washer.
An assessment of the instruments should be done after washing to ensure that there is no damage and to replace the instruments that have been destroyed. The ultrasonic cleaning basket works to ensure the proper positioning of these instruments during the ultrasonic cleaning.
It keeps the instruments in the ultrasonic solution while ensuring that they do not hit the bottom of the tank and potentially break. This process cleans off most of the micro-organisms but should not be considered the ultimate substitute for sterilization and disinfection.
Staff should keep away from solutions such as disinfectants, detergents, and other liquids that are not exclusively ultrasonic solutions. Rinsing with Clean Water and Drying of the Instruments After ultrasonic cleaning, the instruments should be rinsed and dried.
Typically, they are rinsed in clean water and dipped in distilled water depending on the instrument. The instruments are then left to air dry or dried using an instrument dryer. Pouching and Wrapping of Instruments To achieve the ultimate goal of infection control, instrument re-contamination should be avoided. This is done by properly packaging the items in wraps and pouches.
The packaging used for each instrument should be compatible with the type of sterilization used. This is done in a sterilization chamber. To achieve the best results, the air that remains in the chamber after the door is closed is removed through gravity displacement in most cases. A failure to remove the air may result in incomplete sterilization of instruments. Before and during the heating phase, the sterilizers use a vacuum pump to draw out any air from the heating chamber.
At the end of the sterilization, the vacuum pump is once again used to shorten the drying time of the instruments. This method removes more air from the sterilization chamber because it relies less on gravity. This sterilizer is not only low maintenance but also has the benefits of being most efficient in regards to air expulsion. Storage After sterilization, instruments should be stored in a place with minimum air flow.
The instruments should also remain sealed until required for use to avoid contamination. The drawers and shelves where the packaging is left should stay clean. When needed, the instruments should be assessed to ensure no damage is done to the packaging. Your choice will depend largely on the types of procedures and number of patients. There are many options in regards to size, ease of use and quality.
Choose a cleaner that is less noisy, fast and efficient. A review of the coverage of cavitation uniformity and transducer power will be helpful. A higher transducer power and a uniform cavitation coverage mean the machine will clean the instruments well. As such, when buying a sterilizer, consider the ease of use and how controllable the system can is; if it can allow different cycle creation.
Once set, a sterilizer should be able to finish the process without further instruction. As the practice seeks to continue improving the health of the population, they take steps to ensure the control of bacterial contamination through preventive strategies such as sterilization. Sterilization is an important part how to get recruited for college lacrosse patient safety in hospitals today as it ensures the protection of the patient, staff, and physician from the various what time does the usa soccer team play today diseases that they may be exposed to.
This process can, however, be time-consuming and involve expensive equipment and, even small mistakes can lead to unwanted infections spreading how to sterilize medical equipment at home the hospital. There is, therefore, a need for the proper design of the sterilization process to make it efficient enough to ensure the safety of the patient, reduce errors and maintain the sterility of the instruments. Outlined below are guidelines to enable the proper set-up of the instrument processing area what is a pirates sword called the sterilization workflow process.
This area should be centrally positioned in the office to enable staff access it comfortably and easily. It should also be restricted to authorized personnel only to minimize the chances of introduction of contaminants from outside environments. The processing area should ideally be divided into four key areas:. Related Posts. August 16th, What is a Defibrillator and How many times have we been to the moon Does it Work?
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Benefits of Sterilizing Medical Equipment
Sep 18, · Ethylene oxide gas has been used since the s for heat- and moisture-sensitive medical devices. Within the past 15 years, a number of new, low-temperature sterilization systems (e.g., hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, peracetic acid immersion, ozone) have been developed and are being used to sterilize medical devices. There are several types of gas that can be used to sterilize medical devices. The most common one is ethylene oxide (EO). EO is a chemical that sterilizes by killing the cells of bacteria. The gas is placed in a sterilizing chamber that is explosion-proof. Aug 26, · Sure, it can be tough to maintain home medical equipment to the same standards that are upheld in hospitals, but if you use the same disinfectant product as them - you can come close! And to protect your health - and that of your loved one - every effort should be made to clean and disinfect the home medical equipment in mesmmdaten.com: Noel Mccarthy.
Healthcare February 24, The sterilization of medical equipment is an important part of health care. The process protects both health care workers and patients by preventing infections, and it allows devices to be used again instead of thrown away after one procedure.
Before sterilization was common, patients often died from infection after surgery. Because of the importance of this process, hospitals and other health care facilities often have specific sterilization departments. As one of their trained technicians, you can make a difference by protecting patients and staff.
There are several common techniques for sterilizing medical equipment. None can be used in all circumstances or on all devices. While you're learning to be a sterile processing technician, you will learn more about these methods, and you will also get to practice newly acquired skills both in the lab and in the real world. Most sterile processing departments will have a steam sterilizer, also known as an autoclave.
This is because many common medical devices can be sterilized using steam, and it's generally the cheapest and safest option. In fact, most technicians will only consider another option when the device is made with a material that is sensitive to heat or cannot be sterilized using steam. A steam sterilizer applies heat and intense pressure to destroy all microorganisms on an object.
When steam could destroy the instrument or fail to penetrate it, dry heat is the next logical option. Dry heat is a powerful but slow method that requires time and high temperatures. Because of this, it is unsuitable for many materials, but it is still often more reliable than other options.
A dry heat sterilizer uses air that is typically between to degrees Fahrenheit to kill microbial life. There are several types of gas that can be used to sterilize medical devices. The most common one is ethylene oxide EO. EO is a chemical that sterilizes by killing the cells of bacteria. The gas is placed in a sterilizing chamber that is explosion-proof. As you train to become a sterile processing tech, you will learn to master the complex process of varying gas concentration, temperature, humidity and time to find the perfect balance for a device.
While these are generally the best techniques for sterilizing medical equipment, there are many other options that are used in specific circumstances. To learn more, enroll in a sterile processing training program. Dry Heat Sterilization When steam could destroy the instrument or fail to penetrate it, dry heat is the next logical option.
Gas Sterilization There are several types of gas that can be used to sterilize medical devices. Tags: healthcare , medical technology , sterile processing. Share this content Facebook Twitter Email. Related Articles. Close Modal. Modal Question Close.