How to start catfish farming in plastic tanks (fish rearing business)
Catfish farming in Nigeria. Catfish farming in earthen pond. Earthen pond is considered as more natural for breeding catfish but it requires a special place. This method allows to culture large quantity of fish, if to compare with small plastic tanks, where the number of fish is restricted to prevent overcrowding. May 11, · Catfish rearing even on a small scale can play a role in meeting global protein demands. Fish is consumed in tons in Nigeria daily, and catfishes are popular among them. You can start a small scale catfish farming anywhere, even in your backyard with little investment. Catfish farming has proven to be a lucrative business for many people.
You can start making cash through catfish farming in Nigeria. So if you are looking for Agribusiness to venture intothen you should consider catfish farming. Catfish farming is catfosh intensive and have overhead costs, Catfish can yield high profits if there is a good implementation of Business Plan and Marketing Plan. According to research, those who do not have farming experience will find it very difficult to run this business.
There are basically two division of catfish farming: The nursery fish farming and the growth out fish farming. The nursery fish farming involves the inducement of female fishes to lay eggs, the eggs are then fertilized, incubated, and hatched to fries, While the grow out fish farming involves the buying of fingerlings from another farm or vendors and grep them to the suitable market size.
Catfish sells very fast and it market demand is very high in Nigeria. Eear ranges from restaurants, bar, hotels, fast food etc. This article will give you step by step guide to profitable catfish farming in Nigeria.
This is a serious business that requires a serious training. Consider the startup cost both the land, aquaculture equipments, boreholes, delivering vehicles, and money for maintenance. The starting size of a catfish pond should be about 1 to 5 acres. The agitators, aerators and oxygen meter should be installed at this stage. It catfieh advisable for beginners to start with smaller amount of fish. To ensure the health of your Catfish, you should buy vaccinated fingerlings that has been tested and confirmed to be nkgeria of any type of fish disease.
The most suitable temperature for catfish is what does miley cyrus weigh degrees.
Seines and nets are used to harvest the fish. How much does it cost to start a catfish farming? After adding all the equipment cost, feeding cost, stock cost, housing and construction, the estimated cost should be N2, The cost might be higher depending on how you want to run it.
If you have land already, the cost might be cheaper. Tags: catfish farming in Nigeriacostequipmentprofitsrequirements. Skip to content You can start making cash through catfish farming in Nigeria.
Why rear catfish in a plastic tank?
May 09, · Catfish farming is here to stay in Nigeria. More and more people keep plugging in every day. A crucial decision to be made is knowing the best fish feed to rear your catfish. Fish feed in this business takes up over 70 percent on a well-planned catfish fish farm. I use well planned because some fish farms in Nigeria spend much more on their production expense. Nov 29, · To make a lot of profit in your Catfish farming business, you need to cut the cost of feeding your fishes and Catfish grown at high densities requires a nutritionally complete feed to produce good growth and maintain good health. I’m a local manufacturer and distributor of high quality Catfish Feed in Nigeria. How are are guide on how to start your own catfish farm in Nigeria: (1) Proper Training: Catfish farming requires been experienced. This is a serious business that requires a serious training. (2) Secure Capital: According to research, it cost up to N2,, to start cat-fishery in Nigeria.
Catfish farming is the act of growing one of the diverse group of ray-finned fish for commercial purpose in Nigeria. This involves building earthen, concrete or tarpaulin ponds, stocking the fingernails or juveniles and feeding the fish till market size. In this tutorial, I will be explaining in detail many things you need to know and understand about catfish farming in Nigeria and how you can make money through this business. We have more than 20 catfish farms in Nigeria and allow few people each month to visit our fish farms and learn on the farm, practical fish farming.
There are hundreds species of fishes among which are; sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, silver seabream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, grass carp, etc.
The most commonly seen fisheries in Nigeria are raising catfish and tilapia, while the former catfish is the most common. Because catfish is easy to farm in warm climate like Africa, North America, Asia, etc. Catfish also known as siluriformes as well has different species, blue catfish, channel catfish, flathead catfish, heteroclarias, clarias nigro-digitatus, clarias spp and over other species. Catfish is considered a bottom-feeding fish that are found in freshwater and coastal region around the world.
Catfish does has a carnivorous diet since it feeds on insects, worms that are close to the river or pond , along with amphibians such as frogs and newts and occasionally small reptiles and mammals. Catfish farmer also need to be aware that some enemies as well prey on catfish, depending on its size and specie.
Bigger fishes, bigger reptiles, mammals and even birds could kill and eat catfish… if situation accommodates their presence together.
Female catfish spawn that is lay eggs close to the surface of the water where they are safe from other bottom-dwelling aquatic animals. Catfish farming is a branch of pisciculture. Forgive me please, if you hate all these academic terminologies. What a catfish farmer does is to buy catfish juvenile, nurture them for good growth and sell them at profit.
There are advantages and disadvantages to starting with a big catfish farm. One major advantage is, you can produce cheaper fish because you can reduce the cost of feeds by buying in bulk or by even having a section of your company producing fish feeds. Starting big could be harmful. Since your objective is to make profit, you have to investigate the level of demand for the catfish in your area.
Try and find out the market price of an average catfish, the level of demand and maybe the time of the year catfish sell most. One very important thing to note is that, your fish needs a ready market. You will still be feeding them while they should have been sold. This is reducing your profit. Worst, when the fishes in your pond grow to a point where the environment is too crowded for them, you may be expecting some disease outbreak.
So, make sure you research properly about the market in your environment before investing into the catfish production. If you do number 2 above very well, you must have understood your intending market. Just as I wrote in our tutorial about fish farming in Nigeria , the cost of any business is very relative. The amount you buy certain things i. The reason why I usually avoid talking about the cost or price on this website is because cost, price or profit are all relative.
The best I think , is to advise you to go out and investigate both your cost and your likely profit. How much can a concrete pond be built in your environment? How much can you get a bole hole done? How much can you get a tank to store water? Then, how much can you get , or catfish juveniles? Or you can order for our catfish training video that will show and teach you all you need to start a successful catfish business in Nigeria. Click Here to see our nearest catfish farm to you.
Click Here to invite our experienced fish farmers. I have said it before that business is a war. Business is about winning market share. Are there some fisheries in your market before? Most likely they are. How are they doing? How much of the market demand are they satisfying?
Where in your market is yet to be served? Is there any way you could attract more fish retailers to your farm? Could your have your farm where the cost of labour is reduced so as to sell at competitive price in your market? Could you produce your catfish feeds yourself so as to be able to sell at a competitive price?
The catfish pond should be built according to the standard requires to ensure that your fish grow well. Consult some nearby catfish farmers who have ponds for advice. We have step-by-step photographs on how to build your catfish pond inside our catfish video and book training. You can get it here. After some findings about them I found out that they lack some vital business skills.
Business knowledge can be the difference between someone who makes 50, per month and another person who makes , per month. If I have some deep knowledge about catfish breeding and farming, marketing, negotiation, leadership etc.
Catfish is known as freshwater animal. Poor quality water alone can kill your catfish farming business. The best sources of water are borehole and river. Rain water and tap water from treated source is not good for your fish. Acidic water is bad for fish. Also about the feeds. Your fish must be well feed. Your feeds should contain proper nutrients like lysine, arginine and methionine. Some farmers use local meals to feed their catfish.
This idea may be good provided those meals contain the required nutrients your fish need. Generally speaking, record keeping is an integral part of every business. There is no exception here. Keep perfect records of your cost, expenses and the number of fish in certain pond.
As a matter of rule, record keeps you aware about your progress and success. We human beings get sick, so do animals. Fish is a very delicate animal, just like chickens. You have to watch out for symptoms of diseases. When you observe symptoms like inactivity, loss of colour, frayed fins, bloated body, cloud eyes, open sores, red streaks throughout body, difficult breathing, reddening or inflammation of skin etc.
Fungal infections often secondary to another type of illness could reveal symptoms such as: scratching, erratic swimming, darting, etc. Parasitic infections could reveal symptoms such as: loss of appetite, visible spots or worms, rapid breathing, scratching, inactivity, excess mucus or film on body, etc. All these possible diseases require that a catfish farmer pays attention to details and takes care of his fishes as his children Lol.
Disease is your single biggest enemy that stands against the success of your catfish farming business because disease outbreak could lead to loss of a whole catfish farm. Make sure you spend some time in a catfish farm nearer to you or wherever you have a guidance or mentor.
I visited a friend of mine sometimes ago and saw his little poultry which contained about 10 chickens. While discussing, he told me he was using them to learn how chicken behave and grow, what challenges must be dealt with etc.
Click here for detail. Click here to join today. Our mission to train one million Africans to be successful entrepreneurs. Business Classroom for Africans Since Catfish farming is the act of growing one of the diverse group of ray-finned fish for commercial purpose in Nigeria. The training on the farm is FREE. Continue reading … Introduction to Catfish Farming There are hundreds species of fishes among which are; sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, silver seabream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, grass carp, etc.
Why catfish farming? Female catfish spawn between eggs at a time and hatch in less than a week. What a catfish farmer does is to buy catfish juvenile, nurture them for good growth and sell them at profit 9 Steps to Starting Catfish Farming in Nigeria Decide what size your catfish farm will be. The size of your intending catfish farm will determine your choice in this regard.
Market women, hotels, restaurants are the target places you should look into. Fish is not a durable product that can be stored. They can only be sold as fresh livestock. Get your likely cost of starting a catfish farming of your intending size.
You must have understood how high the demand for your product… catfish, is in your market. The next thing to do is to try and know your cost. The best way to do this is to move out and ask questions. In fact, our experienced fish farmer could work directly with you on you catfish farm. Click Here to invite our experienced fish farmers Know who your competitors are.