Everyday Japanese: How to Address Someone
An important form of Japanese courtesy is knowing how to refer to people. When meeting people in Japan, be sure to use the appropriate formal title. San is the most commonly used respectful title placed someone’s first or last name, regardless of their gender or marital status. Sama is a more formal respectful title — [ ]. Feb 28, · Less polite than "~ san", "~ kun (~?)" is used to address men who are younger or the same age as the speaker. A male might address female inferiors by "~ kun," usually in schools or companies. It can be attached to both surnames and given names. Additionally, "~kun" isn't used between women or when addressing one's superiors.
Most of the time, you will refer how to be computer genius people using their name last name is more polite than first usually followed by a name-suffix. It is the polite name-suffix used to refer to your social superiors, elders, or people you are unfamiliar with. The most common name-suffixes are listed below. You can also always ask the person what they prefer to be called by. Teacher: Lee-san, are you well?
Lee-san is always sleepy. Lee: No. Alice: As for me, tasty. This short conversation highlights a very important point. The topic only brings up the general topic of the conversation and does not necessarily indicate the subject of any one particular sentence.
However, determining which reading to use is usually not an issue as this Kanji is usually written in Hiragana. You would not use honorifics to refer to your own family unless you are speaking to someone within your family.
We will learn more about the concept of inner and outer circle for honorifics in a much later chapter. The list below is by no means complete and only covers the more common words for the primary family members. Smith: No. But, my mother is Japanese. Yamada: Is that so? As for your father? Smith: My father is American. Yamada: I see. Skip to content Contents 1 Addressing other people directly 2 Talking about yourself 3 Addressing family members. Previous Post Previous Topic Particles.
How to Use Japanese Honorifics
US addresses are typically given the street name, city, state, and zip code. In Japan, the setup is much different, due to the special wards, prefectures, blocks, etc. that are used in the addressing system. You can write the address in two ways, either in the Japanese format, or the western format, in English or in Japanese. Answer 1 of 6: Hi. Sorry if this sounds silly, but I'm trying to write an Email to a concierge in Tokyo and trying to address him/her properly. Name is Asaka Nishio. I don't know whether this is a he or a she or whether or not Asaka is the first or family. May 06, · Japanese Honorifics in School In school, you can address someone simply by their status title. You can call you teacher ?? (sensei) or attach it to their name, like “Tanaka-sensei.” Even teachers who have a PhD, like in college, are often still called sensei.
Last Updated: April 14, References Approved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
This article has been viewed , times. Learn more Travel is a wonderful thing, but learning new customs can be tricky. A friendly gesture in one country can be outright hostile in another, so knowing your way around basic greetings is a must. If you are traveling to Japan, knowing how to greet others is a key skill.
Fortunately, there are a few ways you can greet, ranging from the extremely formal to the more informal. For a more formal greeting, keep 2 to 3 feet distance between yourself and the other person to show respect. Bow from the waist to a degree angle, shake hands if offered, and present your business card to complete your greeting.
For a less formal greeting, stick to a simple bow and maintain a healthy distance. While you can feel freer to make eye contact, only hold it briefly. To learn how to greet everyone in a group, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers.
Japanese culture values space and privacy, so make sure your body language reflects these values. Keeping two or three feet between you and someone else is a good rule of thumb.
If you are further away, speaking and interacting may prove awkward or difficult. Be respectful. Speak distinctly but quietly, stay off of your cell phone in public spaces, and allow your hosts to take the initiative. Doing these things will demonstrate to your friends, hosts, or business colleagues that you are adaptable and value their cultural norms. Be kind to any vendors or service people you come across. Keep your gaze lowered. Bold eye contact is considered quite rude, so keep your eyes averted whenever possible.
Avoid heavy eye contact, as this can appear aggressive and inappropriate. This rule may be lax in some areas of Japan, or among younger crowds. Bow from the waist to a degree angle. Hold your bow for between two and five seconds, keeping your hands near your hips or thighs. The more respect you wish to convey, the deeper your bow should be. Shake hands, if offered. Although you should never initiate a handshake, you can accept one.
Touching in general is considered somewhat taboo in a formal situation, so a handshake should only be engaged in if the person to whom you are speaking begins the contact. Provide your business card. In Japanese culture, exchanging business cards is an important aspect of communication.
To properly offer your business card, extend your card with both hands, preferably with Japanese writing on the side of the card facing your colleague. Business cards are exchanged from the most prestigious person to the least, so do not offer your business card before your superiors have.
Method 2 of Avoid direct contact. Even if you feel comfortable with physical affection or physical demonstrations of familiarity, do not assume that the people around you feel the same way. Even in informal situations, stick to a simple bow and maintain a healthy distance. If you have a close relationship with the people with whom you are interacting, you may be encouraged to demonstrate more familiarity with them. Follow the lead of those around you.
Hold only brief eye contact. In more informal situations, you can make eye contact, but do not hold it for an extended period of time.
Instead, allow your gaze to linger for a matter of seconds before moving to another focal point. Follow the lead of the person with whom you are associating. If they do not initiate eye contact, you should follow suit. Give a small bow or dip of the head.
Even in informal situations, you should offer a bow as a form of greeting. The depth of your bow will determine how much reverence or respect you are offering, so a small bow from the waist or a gentle dip of the head will suffice for an informal setting. Shake hands. In an informal setting, feel free to offer up a handshake, but do not be too firm or aggressive.
Instead, keep your hand loose. Rather than holding a firm handshake for ten seconds or more, grasp hands for a maximum of five seconds before letting go. Offer a smile. Method 3 of Address using their formal name. In public, you should expect to greet people by their family names, rather than their first names.
Using first names is considered far too familiar in a public setting, and may cause confusion or upset. Addressing someone incorrectly is far ruder than asking for clarification. It is easy to pronounce and can be used anywhere, with anyone. You can use this phrase for everyone, from the person working at the front desk of the motel, to your friends and acquaintances. Although it may seem unnecessary, the formal nature of Japanese culture encourages a formal greeting any time of day.
Address everyone in a group. While a single greeting satisfies many cultures for a group of people, Japanese culture dictates that you address everyone in a group individually. If you encounter a group of three people, for instance, it is proper to bow and speak a greeting three times, turning to face each person in turn.
This may seem awkward at first, but will become easier as you practice. If you have trouble, practice at every available opportunity. It will eventually become second nature. The distance between your feet and theirs should be around two or three feet.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful How should I greet her and should I bow? You should say: Ohio go-zai-mas, and then bow. That is the formal greeting in Japan. Just say Ohio like you would say the state Ohio. Not Helpful 3 Helpful I am from the UK and will be meting my son-in-law's parents in Japan for the first time. How do I greet them? If you are meeting elders or family in Japan, I would recommend a slight bow and a hello.
Introduce yourself by your full name. Bow at either a 15 degree angle or 30 degree angle.